I listen to a lot of NPR (station of choice: KPCC).
Unless the correspondent is doing a "man in the street"-type interview, the subjects generally appear intelligent, educated and literate. At least they used to. I've heard several malapropisms in recent weeks, some of which are so common that I figure it's time I spoke up. (Spoke up again, that is; our longer-term readers may remember this.)
Committing a malapropism in a spoken context is harder to avoid than in writing; when you're speaking, "prostate" can just pop out of your mouth when you mean "prostrate." But when you're writing, you've got a moment to think about the word you're using. If you've got even the slightest doubt that you're using it correctly, you have the luxury of googling it. So google it. Because, frankly, nothing makes you sound or look like more of an idjit than using a malapropism.
Take flout and flaunt. I'll let our friends at Merriam-Webster.com lay it out for you:
Flout: "To treat with contemptuous disregard: scorn; flouting the rules"
You flout convention; you flaunt your Gucci bag.
The word "flout" contains the word "out," and when you're flouting something, you're generally venturing "out" of accepted standards. You may not be an outlaw, but you might be a floutlaw (if that were a thing). Also, "flout" contains an "o." The letter "o" also appears in the verb "scorn," which is a synonym for "flout," as are the "o" words "scoff" and "mock" (though the usage may vary somewhat if you use "scorn," "scoff" or "mock" instead of "flout").
Flaunt, on the other hand, contains the word "aunt." I don't know about you, by MY aunt has been known to flaunt her superiority in a number of areas, much to the irritation of my mother.
DISCLAIMER: Merriam-Webster.com DOES say: "Although transitive sense 2 of flaunt ["to treat contemptuously; flaunted the rules"] undoubtedly arose from confusion with flout, the contexts in which it appears cannot be called substandard Ö If you use it, however, you should be aware that many people will consider it a mistake." As far as I'm concerned it IS a mistake and thus substandard indeed.
"Flaunt" brings to mind "staunch" (because of the "aun" sound) and its frequent confusion with "stanch."
Staunch: "Steadfast in loyalty or principle; a staunch friend"
One way to remember the difference between these two is noting that "staunch" is an adjective, as in, "He's a staunch supporter of voting rights for dogs," whereas "stanch" is a verb — "trying to stanch the crime wave" (another example from M-W.com).
Moreover, "stanch" sounds like "stand" — think of stanching something as standing in its way.
DISCLAIMER: Merriam-Webster.com cites "staunch" and "stanch" as variants of each other. This indicates undeniably which way the wind is blowing, but I strongly object, and I know how you enjoy my objections.
Next up is tenet vs. tenant.
Tenet: "A principle, belief, or doctrine generally held to be true; especially: one held in common by members of an organization,
movement, or profession"
They had to throw "tenements" in there? It's nice to suggest the shared root (Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin tenēre, to hold), but we may as well muddle the issue further by throwing in a reference to former C.I.A. director George Tenet!
"Tenant" contains the word "ant," and whether you've got a tenant or are a tenant, if there are ants in the house, something must be done. (By the way, ant season is nearly upon us here in SoCal. If you have a problem with the little fellers, ask me where to get the miraculous Chinese ant chalk (which is highly toxic and thus a flouter of EPA regulations).
"Tenet," on the other hand, rhymes with Senate, which, presumably, is responsible for upholding the tenets of democracy. Huzzah!
Then there's gamut and gambit (not to mention gauntlet).
Gamut: "An entire range or series; ran the gamut from praise to contempt"
Gambit contains the word "bit" — you must use a bit of cunning when you formulate a gambit; likewise, it's best to use a bit of tact when deploying a conversational gambit. Another gambit for remembering the difference: "Gamut" has a "u" in it. The letter "u" also appears in "run," which is usually what you do with a gamut.
A "bit," finally (at least for now), leads us to champ and chomp. So few people get this right that I doubt "champing" will be correct for long. In fact, M-W.com cites "chomp" and "champ" as "alterations" of each other.
Champ: "To make biting or gnashing movements; to show impatience of delay or restraint — usually used in the phrase
champing at the bit; he was champing at the bit to begin"
Suffice it to say that Seabiscuit, a champ, likely champed at the bit on more than one occasion.
Are you also a foe of malapropisms? Which ones really bug you? Have you ever corrected someone who's used one in your presence? If so, how did you do it without making him or her feel like a numbskull?
(Quick story: A dear friend persistently mispronounced a difficult word. I didn't know how to correct her without causing embarrassment, so I remained mum. Then I saw her mispronounce it in front of a large group, at which several people simply blurted out the correct pronunciation. Talk about embarrassment! I should have told her, but even after this incident, I'm not sure what the protocol is in this circumstance.)